反斗英語 (2011) 第六集 食得有道理2012-10-30
recipe (literal meaning) — 食譜
recipe (metaphorical meaning) — 秘訣, 方法, 手段
His recipe for happiness is love and work. 秘訣
It’s a sure recipe for disaster if you don’t look after yourself in such a stressful job. 原因
ingredient (literal meaning) —食材
ingredient (metaphorical meaning) — 原因, 要素
Curiosity is the most important ingredient of learning.
Fun is an essential ingredient of both physical and emotional health.
One of the key ingredients of oral proficiency is imitation.
Remarks: Adjectives qualifying ‘ingredient’ include: basic, classic, essential, crucial, major, right, necessary.
methods of cooking
1. cook (literal meaning) — 烹調
cook up (metaphorical meaning)
Peter cooked up his love affair with Mary.
The lawyer suspected that the evidence was cooked up.
2. stew (literal meaning) — 燉
stew (metaphorical meaning)
— 讓人對一個 情況擔心焦慮
We should not tell him the answer. Let him stew. 讓他自己煩惱吧
It’s his fault. I think I will leave him to stew in his own juice. 讓他自作自受
3. boil (literal meaning) — 用水煮
boil (metaphorical meaning) — 憤怒的情緒
I found myself boiling with rage whenever I saw those naughty boys. 怒火中燒
My blood boiled at the sight but I dared not speak. 熱血沸騰, 敢怒而不敢言
4. roast (literal meaning) — 烤
roast (metaphorical meaning)
The teacher roasted the naughty students.
The teacher gave his naughty students a roasting.嚴厲的責罵
5. bake (literal meaning) — 焗
half-baked (metaphorical meaning)
— 不周詳, 不完善
Her half-baked ideas did not get support from the committee.