反斗英語 (2011) 第六集 食得有道理


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recipe

recipe (literal meaning) — 食譜
recipe (metaphorical meaning) — 秘訣, 方法, 手段

Examples:

His recipe for happiness is love and work. 秘訣
It’s a sure recipe for disaster if you don’t look after yourself in such a stressful job. 原因

ingredient

ingredient (literal meaning) —食材
ingredient (metaphorical meaning) — 原因, 要素

Examples:

Curiosity is the most important ingredient of learning.
Fun is an essential ingredient of both physical and emotional health.
One of the key ingredients of oral proficiency is imitation.
Remarks: Adjectives qualifying ‘ingredient’ include: basic, classic, essential, crucial, major, right, necessary.

methods of cooking

1. cook (literal meaning) — 烹調
cook up (metaphorical meaning)
—不誠實的編造, 捏造

Examples:

Peter cooked up his love affair with Mary.
The lawyer suspected that the evidence was cooked up.

2. stew (literal meaning) — 燉
stew (metaphorical meaning)
— 讓人對一個 情況擔心焦慮
Examples:

We should not tell him the answer. Let him stew. 讓他自己煩惱吧
It’s his fault. I think I will leave him to stew in his own juice. 讓他自作自受

3. boil (literal meaning) — 用水煮
boil (metaphorical meaning) — 憤怒的情緒

Examples:

I found myself boiling with rage whenever I saw those naughty boys. 怒火中燒
My blood boiled at the sight but I dared not speak. 熱血沸騰, 敢怒而不敢言

4. roast (literal meaning) — 烤
roast (metaphorical meaning)
— 一個人對另一人責罵或批評

Examples:

The teacher roasted the naughty students.
The teacher gave his naughty students a roasting.嚴厲的責罵
5. bake (literal meaning) — 焗
half-baked (metaphorical meaning)
— 不周詳, 不完善

Examples:

Her half-baked ideas did not get support from the committee.