反斗英語 (2011) 第三集 片語質詞大過天 (1)(2)2012-10-09
What Increases Goes UP
Figurative meaning: If someone runs up bills or debts, they start to owe a lot of money because they fail to pay their bills.
E.g. She ran up a mobile phone bill of 2000 dollars.
Figurative meaning: If you play up a fact or feature, you emphasize it and try to make people think that it is more important than it really is.
E.g. The director played up the sensational part of the story.
Completion Is UP
Figurative meaning: When schools or schoolchildren break up, the school term ends and the children start their holidays.
E.g. Schools in Hong Kong normally break up in mid July.
Figurative meaning: If you say that an engine burns up fuel, you mean that it uses a lot of fuel.
E.g. Don’t buy this car because it burns up fuel.
What Decreases Goes DOWN
Figurative meaning: If someone boils down an account of something, they make it shorter by giving only the basic, most important facts.
E.g. Towards the end of the lesson, the teacher boiled down the unfinished pages to a few points.
Figurative meaning: If you get someone to knock the price down when they are selling you something, you persuade them to reduce the price.
E.g. He managed to knock the price of the shirt down because it was torn.
What Increases Goes OUT
Figurative meaning: If you drag something out, you make it last for longer than is necessary.
E.g. We did not know how to prevent him from dragging out the talk.
Figurative meaning: If thin people fill out, they become fatter.
E.g. After his retirement, Peter has filled out a lot.
Attacking is ON
Figurative meaning: If animals or people set on you they make a sudden and unexpected physical attack on you.
E.g. The poor lad was set on by the gangsters.
Figurative meaning: If you start on someone, you treat them severely or unfairly, for example by criticizing them, teasing them, or hitting them.
E.g. I warn you, don’t ever start on my sister!
What Decreases Moves OFF
Figurative meaning: If you sleep off the effects of drinking and eating too much, you recover from the effects by sleeping.
E.g. I have drunk a lot, so I have to sleep it off.
Figurative meaning: If the degree, amount, or standard of something falls off, it becomes less or lower.
E.g. We know that the number of overseas students would fall off drastically.